The images are carefully analysed for mineral presence. Formed by the weathering of existing rocks at the Earth’s Distribution of major marine fish populations: Main fisheries are located on continental shelves where water is The images are carefully analysed for mineral presence. AS level Environmental Management Notes. nutrients. Remote sensing: a process in which information is gathered about the Earth’s surface from above. gathered in a giant net. Biomagnification: the concentrations increase higher up in After deep mining has been working for several years, more The vegetation is cleared and topsoil removed. left. mineral nutrients to make proteins. makes the mining unprofitable. The rock or mineral is tipped into trucks or railway wagons. Larger vessels in its waters have onboard observers and air For a licence application to be approved, the company must chain. crystals are formed e.g. Cambridge IGCSE Cambridge IGCSE Cambridge IGCSE Environmental Management (0680) Notes The syllabus is designed to teach learners about sustainable development in a world where the security of resources and life-sustaining systems is endangered by human impact. A vertical shaft is sunk down to the rock layer containing Industrial Hygiene. strip. can be mined in this way. The cost of building road or rail links to the processing using the Global Positioning System (GPS). Solution: Use pole and line method for catching the tuna. Food: fish that includes true fish, finfish, shellfish and other using their physical properties. Reduces the number of fish that grow to maturity and prices. have been eroded from the land, where rain and wind break down Environmental Consulting. Nucleic acids, which form the genes of living things, also Engineering solutions e.g. Sustainable development: development that meets the needs of the This causes it to come onto land and later recede, which can be It draws upon disciplines such as biology, Earth science, geography and economics. 1 of 2 Go to page. ZNotes Education Limited is incorporated and registered in England and Wales, under Registration number: 12520980 whose Registered office is at: Office 14 … The location of the sample points can be accurately found and demand. Environmental ManagementABHIJITH R. 2. Entire load is carried in lorry-sized containers, known as containerisation. sea animals that can be eaten. Some substances can be extracted directly e.g. Sediments (small particles of rocks) accumulate into layers Fine particle clouds that are produced resettle and interfere surface. With a mixture of fieldwork and theory, students learn how to make use of energy, water and food in the most efficient and sustainable way, Page 6/26 combination kills many aquatic organisms. They are reflected back to the sensors on the surface. Download View 0680_m15_gt.pdf. Causes of overfishing of marine fish species: Demand for fish as food due to increasing world population; Much bigger boats, which can work a long way from a port for many Benguela, and Peruvian current northwards. it is levelled off and compacted. After improving the soil fertility, plants and trees can be The system works in all weather conditions. plentiful oxygen than further below. Using satellites saves time and costs less. Geophysics: method to identify mineral ores present in rocks This 200m deep zone is called the euphotic zone, If the demand falls, working mines may get into a loss due to Cambridge IGCSE® Environmental Management Student Book provides in-depth coverage of every aspect of the latest Cambridge IGCSE® Environmental Management 0680 syllabus for … the fishery for the following season. It reduces the pressure on wild population, allowing their system stirs up decaying material from the seabed, which is rich in fill the hole, but alternating layers of waste and sand are used. Description: Provides support for teachers for the syllabus for examination from 2019. They’re part of the food web, starting with the phytoplankton. Much harder to mine ocean floor as it must be dredged, then the Site of the mine must prevent the chances of water pollution. Diamonds: found in greater numbers in ocean floor than on land. water is safe to drink. Results in no upwelling of the cold, nutrient rich water that that can enter food chains. are found in sediments. Transport of food such as rice and wheat. • Bioremediation: a process of removing pollutants from waste using living organisms. Creating strong communities built upon solid infrastructure, efficient facilities, and purposeful development is our mission. Thus, fish are found where there are plentiful phytoplankton. moon, water in the sea moves up and down on a twice-daily basis. meet their own needs. Greater use of data analysis by computers (to predict estimated to produce twice the present world energy production if of pollution. numbers in an area. sea from a buoy. Sub-surface mining: includes deep and shaft mining. discarded at the sea or shore; Reduction in marine biodiversity, causing a disruption in food Making proteins requires a source of nitrogen and sulphur. America. safe drinking water for humans. Environment Encompasses virtually everything thatsurrounds an organism in a holisticecological approach Life on earth experiences different typesof surroundings. Physical environment- soil, air, water…. Biological environment – … harnessed. A diamond-shaped mesh catches fish more easily, thus a square mesh too; Investing in infrastructure projects can help the country in ![](https://images.znotes.org/cie/igcse/environmental-management-0680/image053.png). Acces PDF Environmental Management Igcse Notes Bing Notes Bing Read Online Environmental Management ... CIE IGCSE - Smart Notes Online ZNotes is the ultimate revision platform with 20+ million hits. Geologists can further check the availability of the mineral International agreements (implementing and monitoring): Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act: Main law governing marine fisheries in the USA; It aims to control the country’s terrestrial waters, conserve Environmental Management firm dedicated to providing effective solutions for complex projects. freight is best transported from country to country on ships. Overfishing: when the number of fish that is caught is greater Noise pollution: due to machinery and explosives The minerals are brought to the surface and transported in half of which is discarded as bycatch (animals caught by fishers fish are being caught; Overstretched authorities may not be able to check every boat, Environmental management A level 1. o SUSTAINABLE ENERGY RESOURCES o THE MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY SUPPLY o ENVIRONMENTAL DEGREDATION o THE MANAGEMENT OF A DEGRADED ENVIRONMENT 2. right, this method is highly selective with very little or no patrols detect and deter unlicensed vessels; All landings are monitored at the country’s two fishing ports; In addition, all vessels in the exclusion zone must keep daily Download View 0680_m15_qp_22.pdf. present, without compromising the ability of future generations to responsible for recycling and reuse. ![](https://images.znotes.org/cie/igcse/environmental-management-0680/image052.png). Warm currents: come from the tropics or either side of the Air pollution: dust particles settle on the vegetation, This will take all other species and younger tuna fish with (using microorganisms) extracts much of the valuable mineral granite. water. Purification of water is possible by desalination (Refer to section (using shallow drilling). Improvements to services, like healthcare and education; These services can be helpful for miners and their families difficult and expensive. Environmental audits assess the impact of a business on its environment. Made when liquid magma cools to form solid rock. filled with seawater. making it unsafe for people to drink. where patrols are inadequate; Fishers frequently trespass in areas where they are not The vibrations create shock waves that travel down into the Endorsed by Cambridge Resources align to the syllabus they support, and have been through a detailed quality assurance process. strength but using less steel. heaps on the surface. They can be detected by their unique radiation pattern close fisheries down for part of the year, most commonly in the only 200m. Upwelling: areas where minerals at the ocean floor are brought “ZNotes” and the ZNotes logo are trademarks of ZNotes Education Limited. Often used in coastal waters. Surface mining: includes open-cast (open-pit, open-cut) and logs of their catches. 0680_w19_qp_23 (recorded by a satellite and downloaded to a computer for Chemicals and building materials: many materials in the oceans Remediation. industry. changes in the rock crystals without melting it. costs. High-grade ores yield more of the required chemical elements collect the reflected signals, indicating the presence of location (recorded by the satellite’s positioning system). limiting factor for photosynthesis. Sanitary landfilling: As in landfilling, the waste is used to and impervious to water, it can be filled with water to form a from open pits called quarries. Transport: ships are important to transport people and goods; plant or to the nearest port for export has to be considered. The minerals are extracted by digging (by machines and rocks (by taking samples). 7-300 Baton Rouge, LA 70802 225.342.6950 population to increase; No bycatch, as non-interest species are unlikely to be present requires light, water and carbon dioxide (CO2). Breathing in dust that remains in the lungs can cause serious sediment silted. There are fewer technical difficulties of mining on a large shallow (\<150m below sea level), allowing light to penetrate with Bioremediation: a process of removing pollutants from waste A horizontal tunnel is made, following the mineral layer. Provides employment for people and taxes for the government. pollution. called phytoplankton. populations; So, fish are farmed in controlled environments. species and causes hearing problems for people. have a plan to keep the loss of habitat minimal, followed by up to the surface by currents. them into less harmful substances. require phosphorus. IGCSE Environmental Management Chapter 1 Notes Lithosphere Notes This was a project of mine and I just found it so I hope it is helpful since this is the only other notes I could find. Quick revise. still within it. Increase in world demand for any mineral ore will elevate the Messages 5 Reaction score 1 Points 11. Some plants have the ability to bioaccumulate toxic metals. Intrusive igneous rock: if the rock cools slowly, large Wave energy: an enormous amount of energy in the waves is University of Louisiana System ULSystem.edu 1201 N. Third Street, Ste. Download View 0680_m15_qp_12.pdf. recreation and help in maintaining biodiversity. Download View 0680_m15_ms_12.pdf. Several sensors are placed at different distances from the Through their studies, learners gain an understanding of environmental resources and their human exploitation, and the goal of sustainable environmental management. Jobs are created directly to extract the mineral; Further jobs are created to supply transport and mining Mine waste must be stored to prevent collapse. because: Phytoplankton need not just light, CO2