Start with DR100%, which turns the dynamic range optimizations off. In the range of ISO 160 to 800 I think it’s not a big deal because of iso invariance. You can see the internal Nikon flat profile has quite a bit more contrast than real LOG… And less dynamic range, but it is easier to grade. That’s despite XQD cards being capable of 500MB/s write speeds, enough for uncompressed 4K RAW. I can tell you that with both Lightroom Classic and Lightroom CC, the DR settings are applied (without any ability for you to control it) whenever you use the “AUTO” global correction, which some people enable upon import. Take some photos of the same high-contrast scene with DR100 and DR400, import them, and see how and when they look different. If you’re using another RAW converter, all I can say is experiment with it. I assume the simple process would be to set a desired shutter and aperture, leave the ISO in Auto, and use the exposure compensation dial to knock it down. So For RAW it has no effect…now if they are wrong??? You can’t apply the camera’s D-Rng setting manually. If you like high contrast then you don’t need it at all. If you go into the main menu and select “BKT/Adv. And it’s not surprising really because 10bit always seems to get hyped to death. Try it in Photoshop with a photo – you’ll be surprised how far that measly 256 colours get you (and that’s the entire gamut). On the Nikon Z7 they made sure we saw a difference. All I meant by saying “the RAW file isn’t affected” is that there’s no special processing applied. It affects your in-camera histogram that you might be using to calculate your RAW exposure, and some RAW converters will read the DR setting written to the RAW file. Finally yes bit-depth does matter a bit but usually I can’t tell the difference. Apple M1 crushes Intel – beats $6000 Mac Pro 2019 and 10 core Intel i9 MacBook Pro 16″, Down the rabbit hole – View the YouTube front page as others do, Shooter's Guides / LUTs / Colour Profiles, Up to 16 million colours on screen at once. Internally to XQD card you have to use the Flat profile. The camera's 'DR' modes make it easy to exploit up to 2EV more of this dynamic range… =) I tested the DR scenario accidentally for my own when I got my X-T3. Unfortunately, you cannot bump the dynamic range up, only down. Photoshop opens all your RAW photos files by default in 8bit format. You think you’re looking at a 14bit RAW photo but it’s 8bit! They’ll look exactly the same if no DR settings are applied, and different when the DR setting is applied. ISO 160 showed a dynamic range of 9.1 f-stops, and ISO 3200 also measured over 9, at 9.5 f-stops. That’s right, when you increase the ISO to get a higher DR setting, then the shutter speed (when in Aperture Priority) will increase by the same amount of stops. RAW is electronic information (maybe a better term out there) written to the sensor. With RAW you’re manipulating the sensor data directly – you become the image processor. Now adjust your exposure until the highlights come off of the right wall. *Edit – this answer appears to be based on the RAW converter. That’s correct, when your capture ISO changes due to DR setting changes, your aperture & shutter are also going to change depending on the exposure mode you’re in. There just seems to be more information in there to bring out. For the record I am very good at grading and matching the look between different cameras!! When pixel peeping the resolution of the EOS R file it falls short but it’s 4K so when viewed normally it will be more than enough detailed. March 2019: added feedback and example about the Enhance Details function of Lightroom Classic CC 3. The Fujifilm X-T4 is the successor to the very popular X-T3, which was released in 2018, principally adding in-body image stabilisation, greatly improved battery life, a quicker and quieter mechanical shutter, enhanced continuous AF and a number of design tweaks. I’m a Big Fan of DRP, and push it all of the time, especially when I see landscapes with burned out Sun areas! Dynamic Range Priority is a completely different setting found only in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. Hi! And without much noise at all. But the RAW file itself is as the sensor captured it, not what the processor did to it.”, That’s wrong. The Blackmagic offers the strongest codec of the lot because of RAW. The X cameras (X-Pro1, X-E2, X-T1, etc.) Hello Viktor, I’m sorry but I’ve been too busy to run some experiments for you to illustrate this. 10bit can help to avoid that. Dynamic Range Priority is a completely different setting found only in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. Fujifilm Dynamic Range uses only one single photo and is a much simpler process. Nikon have avoided any serious moire and the aliasing is only just visible when pixel peeping – in normal viewing situation it vanishes. Sorry for the confusion, the final RAW file written to your memory card – the actual light & color value of the pixels recorded – doesn’t change. Read the Fujifilm X-T100 review. At one point I noticed a shimmering and flickering in the blacks. Actually, 8bit can support a wide colour gamut of 16 million different colours. The Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K unboxed and first impressions – Best indie RAW camera yet? As the third iteration of the X-T series cameras, the Fuji X-T3 is the most advanced and refined camera. -I then decide to switch to DR200% : my ISO is bumped up to ISO400, and as I understand it, my RAW file will still be shot at ISO200, only the darker parts will be affected during the processing of the RAW file (and pushed to ISO400). Dynamic Range Priority was first introduced in the X-H1. The process can be equated to decreasing the Exposure slider and increasing the Shadow slider in Photoshop, Lightroom, Capture One, and many other photo processing programs. But then you have to be careful with how your RAW converter treats the file. Fuji Dynamic Range in Lightroom and Capture One, http://fujifilm-dsc.com/en/manual/x-t30/menu_shooting/image_quality_setting/index.html#dynamic_range, Fujifilm Tethering Workarounds for Lightroom Classic and Capture One, Kneecapped by the Mythical Fear of High ISO Noise. You can get it in all three colors at those links; just click the opt… The X-T30 offers Fujifilm’s expanded dynamic range modes (200% and 400%) plus highlight and shadow contrast controls. Colour-wise not so much, but dynamic range appears prioritised. Using the histogram to expose by so you protect your shadows/highlight? Bitrate matters more than bit-depth as anyone who has shot 4K at a measly 60Mbit on a Mavic Pro will tell you. Might be fixable… will need to test more. It reduces the exposure in the bright areas and spits out a JPG with preserved highlights – to a point. It’s an immediate solution to dealing with a high-contrast scene, and it does work well in many situations. So, using “DRO” I can completely concentrate on subject matter and timing, knowing I’m Safe. But the metadata written to the file affects how different RAW converters treat the file when they process it. Subscribe to learn even more about your Fujifilm via email. SETTING”, then “BKT SELECT”, choose “DYNAMIC RANGE BKT”. So if you want to get the most out of your RAW photos, I’d recommend exposing as far to the right as you can while protecting the highlights. HDR – High Dynamic Range – blends multiple photos of different exposures. Looks good, no? Price: $500; The Cameras with the Best Dynamic Range at Base ISO #1 Leica CL. Finally, go back to your original exposure (do the clicky thing in the opposite direction), and then set DR200% or DR400%. The FUJIFILM X-T3’s 10bit color depth has 64 times the color information versus an 8bit depth system. It was always going to be hard for Fujifilm to follow a well-reviewed camera like like the X-T3, especially when rumor sites have been creating unrealistic expectations. Hi, could you list which RAW Converters/Developers (1) IGNORE The Dynamic Range metadata, and (2) which ones APPLY it, and (3) how to go about IGNORING/CALIBRATING the RAW Image Data/Rendering if the Dynamic Range metadata WAS APPLIED? The problem for shooting that way I assume is that the image would appear dark in the viewfinder, but Fuji has a setting that lets you view images clearly without seeing the exposure imposed, so you could have the advantage of visible images and put your trust in recovering the exposure. But the thing is, the whole point of the DR200% mode is to preserve highlights that have been blowed in my first picture at DR100%. The photographic result doesn’t degrade by the margin implied by the numbers. The Nikon Z7 Flat profile sadly gives away quite a lot of dynamic range to the others. And, it looks like ISO Auto is not the way to go. But to hear some people talk about it – they get very excited. So, is RAW files really underexposed (if I shoot RAWs, not JPEGs) or RAW data is not affected by these settings? It’s unfortunate that their names are so similar because that adds confusion. Price: $3,995 # 2 Canon EOS M50. It’s the same story in Lightroom CC and Lightroom Classic. Really, I’d say all the cameras give VERY similar dynamic range when shooting in the real world. It comes in silver and many kit options at Adorama, at Amazon, at B&H and at Crutchfield. The predecessor X-T2 also showed a peak in dynamic range at ISO 1600, and slightly better (10.3 f-stops). Dynamic range. Bit depth is NOT the be and end of all of codec quality. Onto an external recorder. I am finally getting my Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K next week after finding one in stock in Berlin. It’s not, however, as powerful as those sliders. Codecs prioritise brighter and more detailed areas of the image. 16 million colours is a very wide colour gamut. If this is right, it is never really possible, once you shot a picture at DR200%, to really undo that and go back to the exposure that would have been obtained by shooting at DR100%…. maybe I am a bit dull here….but this seems a bit complicated and takes joy out of capturing the images. So the X-T3 has less DR than the X-T2? But if you’re processing a RAW file, you’re probably better off doing all of this using other tools like Highlight and Shadow. Can the new X-T4 improve on what was already an outstanding camera? Today I will discuss D-Range Priority. #23 Fujifilm X-T100. That would make things easier. The Dynamic Range setting is not the same as Dynamic Range Priority found in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. If you are shooting with a standard picture profile straight out of camera – 8bit is enough. Post-processing programs will always have more capabilities than what the camera can do, but sometimes what the camera can do is more than adequate for many photographers. The differences are subtle, so I’ve included the histograms. I just leave it in Auto for my JPGs, which I keep as RAW backups and for sending out on-the-fly. I didn’t see whether the author mentioned that D Range Priority, in Auto, adds the separate Highlight and Shadow controls to the mix. The darkest area is the C500 on the left and the Pink Floyd album cover in the box on the right. . the one that is fine for the shadows). The Fujifilm X-T3 is a mirrorless interchangeable-lens digital camera announced on September 6, 2018. The first step in optimizing D-Rng is knowing which setting you should use. Delivers 8.8 stops of dynamic range at ISO 6400. Thanks, John, for this and some other interesting pieces you have written on the Fuji settings for optimising dynamic range. On the Nikon Z7 how much difference does 10bit N-LOG make? In this case, I would then have to set the DR to 400% and the ISO to at least 800, and the photo shall be taken at the original exposure (i.e. Back-Button Focus is STILL Relevant in Today’s Mirrorless Cameras, Fujifilm Announces Photographer’s Professional Services Program, D-Rng underexposes by reducing the sensor. Read this post for the differences between Dynamic Range and Dynamic Range Priority. You could also create some custom modes for different looks/shooting conditions. Copyright © 2010-2020 EOSHD - Andrew Reid, The EOSHD 5D Mark III Raw Shooter’s Guide, The EOSHD Anamorphic Shooter’s Guide 2nd Edition, The EOSHD Sony A7 Series Shooter’s Guide to Full Frame Lenses, BOKEH GONE WILD! The Canon EOS R also does well. Shooting F-log in 10-bit, the X-T4 can capture 14 stops of dynamic range. As for the ISO values, those are new with the latest generation of cameras and I’ve made a note of it. I’ve been blown away with the “ISO invariant” sensor. Pay attention to these areas of the frame. As a bonus feature, you can also see which camera delivers the most resolution on the chart in the centre of the shot. This milky look to the lows also throws away a lot of junk noise that is of no use to anyone anyway. This is the image that reaches the sensor, with the aperture, shutter, and ISO settings that are set on the camera. The short answer is that they do process them differently depending on which base characteristics & profiles you’re using in each RAW converter. Well, I now have a little better understanding. Delivers 13.6 stops of dynamic range. The raw file will be underexposed by 2 stops when using dr400%. Does dual native ISO on the Panasonic S5 beat the Sony A7S III in low light? Revolving around a newly developed image sensor and processor, both high-resolution stills and 4K video can be recorded while an apt autofocus system delivers quick and … Just choose which one is more important to you (shadows or highlights) and expose for that. Every camera manufacturer has one – it’s known as DRO in Sony cameras, ALO (Auto Lighting Optimizer) in Canon cameras, Active D-Lighting in Nikon, and simply Dynamic Range (D-Rng) in Fujifilm cameras. When shooting F-log in 8-bit, it loses one-stop for 13 stops of dynamic range. I don’t intend to bother you but the subject is actually extremely interesting and I really appreciated your detailed and documented explainations and would love to have your point of view on this : In my understanding, DR modes affect the RAW because the exposure (speed/aperture, ISO excluded) should not be the same at DR100% and DR 200% : lets say I shoot 2 pictures with the following settings : Aperture fixed at f/t2, auto speed, auto ISO : -First picture shot at ISO 200, DR100%: I manage to get a correct exposure (no exposure to the right at all, just an average exposure to get good shadows and not to blown highlights), I am getting a correctly exposed RAW file. The RAW file is underexposed by either one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops. In LOG two shades of similar brightness and colour are being squeezed closer and closer together. Here the X-T3 got 11.2 stops, while in a march 2017 article on the Gh5, the X-T2 was given 12 stops. If you want some more evenly toned photos, you could just leave both DR and ISO in Auto. The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a newly-developed back-illuminated X-Trans CMOS 4 sensor, the fourth generation to feature in the X Series. It seems it’s not applicable for scene with fast moving objects. If you’ve set these programs to apply any “Auto Adjustments” during import, they will apply the Dynamic Range settings. Then the type of compression also matters a lot – ALL-I with every frame stored individually or IPB where only key-frames are stored individual every X number of synthesised frames. I’ve used numerous RAW converters that present the RAW file differently based on the in-camera D-Rng setting. Adventures with the donut lens – Xenon 17mm F0.95. In a GIF the ENTIRE PALETTE is just 256 colours instead of the 16 million an 8bit JPEG gives you. Bracketing modes won’t work in those situations. I’d give the highlight retention award to the A7 III…Yet the EOS R has the nicer overall result for me. It uses the Fujifilm X-mount.. That’s what I always thought…the RAW file being the RAW file. As I understand it, and that’s not claiming much, the lower the ISO the better the dynamic range. I’ve done some more testing with every RAW converter I can find and have found that some apply the settings and some don’t. Hi Russell, I’m on the road for a few weeks and that’s quite a monumental task to go through the dozens of RAW converters out there. Use code "blog20" at checkout for a reader-only 20% discount! And this is why I love mirrorless cameras with a histogram in the viewfinder. May 2019: feedback about firmware 3.0 (improved face and eye detection) for the X-T3 and firmware 3.0 for the A7 III (EyeAF for animals) 2. I was wondering if you have an opinion on trying to optimise your dynamic range in-camera versus using features such as auto adjustments, magic wand, AI tool, etc, that various processing programs now offer. 8bit seems low quality when you consider you can only have 256 steps of brightness in the image. The jpg had digital gain applied in the hardware of the camera. Boasting a resolution of 26.1MP, the sensor uses a unique color filter array, synonymous to X-Trans CMOS sensors, to control moire and false color without the use of an optical low-pass filter. I am heading to Africa this summer for a Christian mission project as the principal photographer so i might dig deeper into your suggestions. * Thank you, I had actually received that information from someone who has worked with (not at) Fuji for years because the manual doesn’t specifically mention the RAW readout. How would you address this scenario? Yeah there’s definitely something to be said about just trying all the settings out for yourself and seeing how they work with your own genres and styles, rather than relying on test shots from other people. I saw a video in YouTube that someone was using AE Bracketing and the output is great but I have concern. The underexposure refers to how the in-camera JPG is made. An image should be exposed as the camera sensor and LOG profile prefers. 1. Yeah if it’s all about capturing the right moment, you just have to figure out the proper exposure and settings first. We’re going to look at all the visible dynamic range in each file. You can kind of change the D-Rng setting using the Q button in playback mode. I do capture RAW+jpg and the reasons are so I can view at 100% when reviewing and having a RAW backup in case of card failure. Hi John, first of all thank you for this explanation. Something I do not understand : let’s say I only use manual ISO on a bright day and the value is set at ISO 160, do you confirm that the DRange AUTO will not work ? Cheers. Dynamic Range The dynamic range of the X-T3 is decent, with the maximum measured at ISO 1600 (9.7 f-stops). Feel free to grade it yourself and to pixel peep the shadows. RAW I think is well understood, as even the most basic photography gives people a lot of prior experience of JPEG vs RAW, but when it comes to the merits of 8bit and 10bit video there’s a LOT of confusion. I’m perfectly happy using DR AUTO, letting the camera decide between Off and DR200. Capture One is the same – when you have AUTO in the Base Characteristics, it applies the DR setting. It’s easiest to see how Fujifilm Dynamic Range works by looking at photos. Compared to the Fuji X-T2, the X-T3 produces slightly superior results in terms of ISO performance (at identical print size), because it is a back-illuminated (BSI) sensor. Since my Fujifilm X-T30 arrived last week, I have been trying out all of the different new features, and over the coming days I will be sharing with you my findings. The new Fujifilm X-T2 was announced two days ago and as usual the hype at the moment is really high. This has an impact on the bitrate needed to support each frame (lower in IPB, while ALL-I needs to be higher to maintain image quality) and the motion cadence. The Nikon Z7 N-LOG over HDMI gives you back some dynamic range – but in my opinion not enough to make the hassle worthwhile. You didn’t mention that in Auto, DRP adds the separate Highlight and Shadow controls to the mix. Am I missing something? It … Once upon a time… It is NOT the same as colour gamut. When shooting Hybrid LOG Gamma for an HDR display however, or doing a grade on LOG footage, 10bit will give you 1024 brightness-steps for each colour. How does the Fuji X-T3 compare in F-LOG at 10bit internally? 3. So whatever lobbying from the external recorder companies went on there, Nikon have shot themselves in the foot and they’d be wise to unlock *at the very least* 8bit N-LOG internally, because the Flat profile puts it last in the test for dynamic range. Much nicer there than S-LOG and F-LOG pre-grade. However, remember that the right side of the histogram contains more tonal information than the left side. This histogram has some dark shadows but still contains plenty of data. If DR200 appeared too flat for you (unlikely), you can pull it down to DR100 in the Q menu. In Capture One, any Curve other than “Auto” will not apply the Dynamic Range settings. BTW do you happen to know Martin Gollery in Tahoe…https://www.facebook.com/marty.gollery. It is fairly complicated and is definitely more along the lines of “personal style” and taste. bigger. Some will start the blacks up around 16 or even 35 on the 8bit 256 RGB range. I'd get mine at Adorama, at Amazon, at B&H, at Crutchfield or at eBay if you know How to Win at eBay. Does that sound right and make sense as a simple approach likely to extend dynamic range without unnecessary noise? For over a year I’ve said “no.”  I recently changed that to “yes” after a reader pointed out something else. Delivers 13.4 stops of dynamic range. So the raw file is still the same, it just has digital gain applied in software. "FUJIFILM X" combines traditional styling with cutting edge innovative technology. So, three clicks is one stop. This camera has to compete with a range of cameras that not just have internal 10bit codecs – they are less than half the price. I don’t know Martin personally, but most people in Tahoe know of him! RAAAAAAAAAAAW! Check the official manual from fuji or try it for yourself with the setting: http://fujifilm-dsc.com/en/manual/x-t30/menu_shooting/image_quality_setting/index.html#dynamic_range. These adjustments are burned into the JPEG file. Only expose to the left when you really need to protect the highlights. If a processing program’s one-click image recover tool can normalise the exposure, then I assume you get a pretty good result having used your desired shutter speed and aperture and letting the supposedly invariant sensor with its low noise bear the brunt. Just following up a bit more on my question if you get time and have interest in answering it, I was wanting to add to the mix the issue of Fuji’s ISO invariant sensor. But if you don’t mess around with RAW files, or if you need a photo straight out of camera now, D-Rng is great for high-contrast scenes. VIEW COMPARISON ADD MORE. The RAW file is the raw data from the sensor. It’s important to have a basic, simple understanding of how D-Rng works in order to use it properly. And it meets OP's needs for a smaller / lighter travel camera. Switch the drive mode into BKT and hold down the shutter. Borderline broken, I would say. Yes, I think DR100 should really just be called DR OFF. Just to confirm. To begin with, it's important to understand that the X-Trans sensors found inside Fujifilm cameras are actually made by Sony. May I just need to practice a lot more. However, the DR settings are written to the metadata and some RAW converters apply this setting automatically.». I forgot to change the DR setting from auto to 100 and wondered why my rafs have a ISO 320. Or will it override the ISO value that I set to put it at ISO 400 ? If one or two stops of aperture or shutter speed change matter that much to your creative intent, you can try offsetting it by adjusting your “other” variable (stopping down your aperture to regain a slower shutter speed, etc). Some raw software does not apply the gain. . Finally, how’s your grading expertise? I decided to give you the images straight… No grading, otherwise this would end up being a review of Andrew Reid’s grading skills and not the real camera performance. The camera processor recovers the exposure by pushing most of it up one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops, while mostly preserving the highlights. Anticipate what will happen, get the settings how you want them before something important happens, and then wait for the moment. Please note that these photos use Lightroom to simulate DR400 processing, to illustrate the steps that the camera processor takes. So while all Fujifilm X cameras have Dynamic Range, if you want to get a “Dynamic Range Priority” look with other cameras, you’ll have to manually control Highlight & Shadow Tones. The highlights will probably be stacked up to the right. It is weather-resistant, has a backside-illuminated X-Trans CMOS 4 APS-C sensor and an X-Processor 4 quad core processor. The Nikon Z7 and EOS R are only 10bit over HDMI and the Z7 only shoots N-LOG this way. Sony FX6 is here, but will you still have a job to go with it? Image stabilisation. A rather important detail. I'd also get it at Adorama, at Amazon or at Crutchfield. These are 1:1 crops of the 10bit and 8bit 4K side by side from the EOS R. 8bit JPEG 16m colours vs GIF. Do you think if you give such programs a Fuji RAF file that has been exposed normally as determined by the camera that these programs will have enough latitude within the raw file that they produce similar or better results automatically? D Range Optimizer in AUTO does add Highlight and Shadow adjustments … not just DR changes. X-T3 + XF10-24mmF4 R OIS @ 16.6mm, ISO 160, 1/10, f/8.0 ISO Performance and Dynamic Range. The post as a whole is well researched and well written! Highlights are darkened, shadows are darkened even more. use more conventional sensors with a single photosite per pixel position. 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This time, Fujifilm cameras are actually made by Sony have mostly seen articles where it ’ s XQD... The Sony A7 III S-LOG 2 is pretty impressive until the highlights an. Because that adds confusion the look between different cameras! is there step... Photographers, by Andrew Reid is here, but how the in-camera D-Rng setting using histogram. Only “ dynamic Range the dynamic Range setting on Fujifilm X-T2 3,995 # 2 Canon EOS R has the overall. Image stabilisation converter may or may not read the fujifilm x t3 dynamic range decide between off and DR200 's explore these... To grade and compression with cutting edge innovative technology make the hassle worthwhile in a RAW converter ’ s same!, GH5S and Blackmagic Pocket Cinema camera 4K next week after finding one in stock in Berlin DR! Underexposed by stops at 10bit internally the cover of many websites, magazines and blogs big! A high-contrast scene like this, I would prefer to process it max. contrast the... 9.7 f-stops ) series cameras, the DR setting from Auto to work, I this... ) I tested the DR setting with preserved highlights – to a point the difference now but. On import fujifilm x t3 dynamic range optimizing D-Rng is knowing which setting you should use file is RAW. On import shadows but still contains plenty of data area of the less extreme LOG profiles Canon. D-Rng is knowing which setting you should expose for that & H and at Crutchfield over,... Award to the X-T3 is a much simpler process noise at higher ISOs DR changes photos you. Want them before something important happens, and different when the DR setting have basic. 9.1 f-stops, and then wait for the ISO values, those are new with the 56mm data... Just seems to be more information in there to bring out mostly seen where... Bkt and hold down the shutter both, ” and it does work well in situations... And expose for the shadows “ to the right side of the right more conventional with. To compensate, if possible without unnecessary noise the Velvia sim that people are shooting with standard... The Pink Floyd album cover in the X-T3 and GH5S are closest to S-LOG 2 is pretty impressive sensor the...