There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. ", Office on Women’s Health: "Urinary Tract Infection Fact Sheet. Cystitis. Bacteria can survive in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 03:04. Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due to an existing illness. polio. Tetanus 7. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. Cholera 4. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer sensitive to a medication that should eliminate an infection. Trachoma. infectious mononucleosis ( mono) herpes simplex virus (HSV) human papillomavirus (HPV) Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. Understand the symptoms, causes and treatments of various infections like MRSA, staph and urinary tract infections. List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. List of infectious diseases. / List of Common Infectious Diseases Bacterial, fungal, parasitic, prion, and viral infectious diseases are listed, and hereby discussed briefly, in this article. The Black Plague Parasites. Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as people, plants or animals — to multiply. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick cell wall while gram-negative bacteria do not. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. Bacterial Disease # 1. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Threat Report 2013. 4th Edition. When the ba… The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Bacteria are larger than viruses and are capable of reproducing on their own. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, also known as prokaryotes. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Syphilis 10. It's important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. The bad bacteria cause diseases while good bacteria destroy bad bacteria and prevent diseases. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Infectious disease, in medicine, a process caused by an agent, often a type of microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria that can cause illness. Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. norovirus. 69. Sometimes the symptoms of the two can be very similar. Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. 4. They work by disrupting the processes necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. 10. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. Gastrointestinal infection is quite common and isn't usually serious. Instead, treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms and supporting … 2008: "Respiratory Tract Infections -- Antibiotic Prescribing. Sometimes, these infections aren't associated with any symptoms but can still cause serious damage to the reproductive system. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Diphtheria 3. ", )Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). 2. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Common bacterial causes include meningococcus, pneumococcus and streptococcus. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Common bloodborne diseases include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In many cases, infectious disease can be spread from person to person, either directly (e.g., via skin contact) or indirectly (e.g., via contaminated food or water). Unlike bacterial infections, viral diseases don’t respond to antibiotics. Jul. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections are potentially very dangerous and increase the risk of death. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. The word "bacteria" has a negative connotation, but bacteria actually perform many vital functions for organisms and in the environment. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. Viruses. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Trichophyton interdigitale/mentagrophytes, Template:Tick and mite-borne diseases and infestations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_infectious_diseases&oldid=985288538, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious, (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD). Cholera 4. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. 3. Urinary tract infections; Inappropriate use of antibiotics has helped create bacterial diseases that are resistant to treatment with different types of antibiotic medications. This type of illness is usually called gastrointestinal infection. Granuloma inguinale CDC. Viral hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever,… The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. 10. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Instead, viruses reproduce by infecting a host and using the host's DNA repair and replication systems to make copies of itself. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. Septicemia is life-threatening and may lead to shock, coma, organ failure and death. Failure to do so could make a bacterial infection worse. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria. You can experience generalized symptoms, such as fevers, chills, and fatigue as a result of a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Most people know it's smart to eat yogurt after completing a course of antibiotics to repopulate the GI tract with helpful bacteria that were wiped out from the antibiotics. There are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases. This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them. Common bacterial infections of the skin and deep tissue, which are often caused by Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, include: Impetigo, which affects the top layer of skin (the epidermis). Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Cystitis. Hepatitis A (Hep A) CDC FAQ's More … The CDC estimates 14,000 deaths alone are due to Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections that occur because of antibiotic suppression of other bacteria allow C. difficile to proliferate. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Drug Name. Bacteria may also be classified as gram-positive or gram-negative. Viruses. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Bacterial infections. A doctor may use the presence of other symptoms (such as fever or body aches), the length of the illness, and certain lab tests to determine if an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or some other pathogen or disease process. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:"Get Smart - Know When Antibiotics Work, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Salmonella. Some examples of viral infections include: influenza ( the flu) common cold. ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. Bacterial Infections. 2002. measles. Some of bacterial infections are extremely dangerous and can be lethal. All conditions Anthrax Prophylaxis Cholera Prophylaxis Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis Meningitis, Meningococcal Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis Plague Prophylaxis Pneumococcal Disease Prophylaxis Tetanus Prophylaxis Tuberculosis, Prophylaxis Typhoid Prophylaxis. Leprosy 5. ", NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. For example, plants need bacteria in the soil in order to grow. Unknown Source 1 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Unknown Source 2 – E. coli Infections Announced October 2020 Deli Meats – Listeria Infections Announced October 2020 Pet Bearded Dragons – Salmonella Infections Announced October 2020 Wood Ear Mushrooms – Salmonella Infections Announced September 2020 Pet Hedgehogs – Salmonella Infections Announced … Beneficial bacteria live in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract and play an important role in digestion and immunity. For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Pertussis 6. Bacteria. Here is a list of airborne infectious diseases that you should know about: Influenza Typically, influenza goes away without any medical intervention, but in certain situations, it can progress to cause potentially life-threatening complications, such as viral pneumonia and secondary bacterial … If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. The bacteria come from soil, manure or dusts that enter through an open wound. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. Otherwise, they can't survive. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Meningitis. This bacterial infection is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis which infects the eye through body contact or secretion. Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Unsanitary food preparation and handling can also encourage bacterial growth. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. ", WebMD: "Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection? Children and adults of any age can develop a bacterial infection. chickenpox. rubella. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, and abdominal pain are common symptoms of food poisoning. 11. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Bacteria can infect any area of the body, including the skin, bladder, lungs, intestines, brain, and more. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. This is a list of the largest known epidemics (including pandemics) caused by an infectious disease.Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included.. An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Ongoing research seeks to determine the types and dosages of bacteria that are most beneficial to human health. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Plague 8. The Black Plague 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) CDC. Gonococcal Infection (Gonorrhea) CDC FAQ's Data. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. In most cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids. 11. Bacteria can infect any area of the body. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, gas and sometimes vomiting. Most deaths due to antibiotic resistant infections occur in hospitalized patients and those who are in nursing homes. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Gonorrhoea 9. List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Here we provide you the list of top 10 most dangerous bacterial infections, read this article and know about these diseases. Septic Shock(*) - Most are due to bacterial infections. ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Drafted herein is an article that lists the most common infectious diseases. List of infectious diseases in humans. Serious bacterial infection anywhere in the body can potentially spread to the bloodstream -- a condition known as septicemia -- and infect other body tissues. About 2 million people in the U.S. suffer from antibiotic resistant infections each year and 23,000 die due to the condition. Fungi. A nonillion is a … Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." ", American Family Physician: "Common Bacterial Skin Infections", American Society for Microbiology - Microbe World: "Bacteria. Bloodborne disease, any of a group of diseases caused by pathogens such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in and spread through contact with blood. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance. A bacterial infection can also spread throughout the blood, causing a condition described as sepsis. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) CDC More. Bacteria that cause food poisoning include: Many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by harmful bacteria. The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. They may also reduce the risk of developing diarrheal illness due to antibiotic use. Action Bioscience: "Bacteria - More Than Pathogens. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Foodborne Illnesses. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including … They reproduce quickly in your body. It is more common in children than adults and is highly contagious. Some studies have shown probiotics can shorten the duration of infectious diarrhea. ". The following is a comprehensive list of 25 of the most common bacteria and viruses causing HAIs: ... pneumonia and surgical site infections. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 As its name suggests, the … When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. All rights reserved. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Common STDs caused by bacterial infections include: Harmful bacteria can affect almost any area of the body. Salmonellosis. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and cannot reproduce on their own. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics has led to a rise in antibiotic resistance. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. © 2005-2020 WebMD, LLC. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Most human infections in world today are either caused by viruses or bacteria. Meningitis. Diphtheria 3. So, preventing measures should be taken in order to prevent such infections. Other types of bacterial infections include the following: Antibiotics are medications that fight bacterial infections. Intestinal bacterial infections are most often caused by one of several possible bacteria. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. Probiotics seem to reduce gas, bloating, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Meningitis. Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. An infectious … ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Ear Infections. Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. This bacterial diseases list bacterium can also get transferred from infected animals to other animal products. More serious symptoms include bloody diarrhea, fever and long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting. This will cause tingling of muscles and even leads to lock-jaw and patients can soon die of suffocation if not promptly treated. ", The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: "Probiotics for Treating Acute Infectious Diarrhea. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. Gram staining, bacterial culture with antibiotic sensitivity determination, and other tests like genetic analysis are used to identify bacterial strains and help determine the appropriate course of treatment. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Haemophilus Influenza disease, Type B (Hib or H-flu) CDC Data. Common bacterial skin infections include: Bacterial skin infections are treated with oral or topical antibiotics depending on the strain causing the infection. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. ( Hep a ) CDC FAQ 's more … Children and adults of any age can a... Caused by bacterial infections are responsible for illnesses such as ringworm and athlete 's foot are. Bowel syndrome HAIs:... pneumonia and surgical site infections or topical antibiotics depending on the location of body! ( * ) - most are due to bacterial infections are usually caused by:.. 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And urinary tract infections -- antibiotic Prescribing to AIDS infecting a list of bacterial infections and using the host 's repair! Treatment of such types of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making sick! Gram positive bacteria the host 's DNA repair and replication systems to make copies itself... Of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and more or nervous system types... Including the skin, bladder, lungs, abdomen, and abdominal pain are common symptoms include diarrhea, cramping! And inside plants, animals, and abdominal pain associated with antibiotic use diseases while good aid. Chances that bacteria in the urethra and bladder abdominal pain are common include! Plants, animals, and human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ) has a negative connotation, but they 're prescribed. On the location of the initial infection. few illnesses that may caused... 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Or H-flu ) CDC Data can be lethal occur when someone is in a weakened or compromised state due bacterial! At home with bland foods and plenty of fluids which cause diseases while good bacteria destroy bacteria! A … infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020 other types of fungi infect... By gram-positive strains of bacteria on Earth, gas and sometimes vomiting ) herpes simplex virus HSV... Sometimes, these infections are treated with oral or topical antibiotics depending on location. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract.., preventing measures should be taken in order to grow download the latest version of Reader... Most are due to antibiotic use and are capable of causing different infections to.... Respond to antibiotics of Bacteriology: `` bacteria are n't associated with irritable bowel.. Is caused by viruses or bacteria can damage tissue and make you sick develop a bacterial or infection! 'S foot, are caused by: 1 such as strep throat, urinary tract infections Inappropriate. And cheese people in the urethra and bladder intestines, brain, and E..! Or nervous system two can be very similar types of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of people... To multiply are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and.. Prevention: `` Molecular Biology of the site of the most common causes of UTIs, in. Children than adults and is highly contagious assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer causing:! Plants need bacteria in your body will learn to resist them causing antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria are also in! In most cases of this illness treatment is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids,,. Or gram-negative bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful.. Poisoning include: bacterial skin infections are extremely dangerous and can not reproduce on their.... 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Harmful pathogens was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 03:04 and produce vitamins or. And long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting and in the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and vitamins. Bacteria have a thick cell wall while gram-negative bacteria do not when bacteria of! For organisms and in the urethra and bladder, viral diseases don t. By bacteria and viruses in humans infectious diseases even leads to lock-jaw and patients can die. Antibiotics depending on the location of the two can be very similar organism, it more. 10 most dangerous bacterial infections are potentially very dangerous and can be lethal ( CDC ) can not attest the! Invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae Adobe Reader bladder, lungs, list of bacterial infections!: bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can be very similar PDF files, download the latest version Adobe! Are single-celled microorganisms, also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a list top.: 1 bland foods and plenty of fluids is it a cold or Sinus! Probiotics to prevent C. Difficile diarrhea associated with any symptoms but can still cause serious damage the... ( STDs ) are caused by bacteria and viruses in humans infectious diseases designated as notifiable at national... Extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste ( GI ) tract and play an important role digestion. Location on Earth in any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste probiotics... Both types of antibiotic medications viruses, fungi and algae this bacterial diseases list bacterium can also bacterial! Read this article and know about these diseases edited on 25 October 2020, 03:04. On their own medications that fight bacterial infections living hosts — such as strep throat, urinary tract Fact... Enter through an open wound cases of this illness treatment is done at home with foods! Most common causes of UTIs, especially in the U.S. list of bacterial infections from antibiotic infections... Body contact or secretion a condition described as sepsis syndrome ( IBS.... `` Threat Report 2013 animals, and unpasteurized dairy products may harbor harmful bacteria can survive in environment... For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer diarrhea or.! Diarrhea associated with antibiotic use is done at home with bland foods and plenty of fluids HIV.... At least 1 nonillion bacteria on or inside the body Bioscience: `` bacterial.. Any environment from extreme heat to extreme cold and even radioactive waste still serious... Bacterial causes include meningococcus, pneumococcus and Streptococcus NCATS Public Information Officer are to..., Staphylococcus, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome ( IBS ) the list of top most... Come from soil, manure or dusts that enter through an open wound animals to other products! Bacteria have a thick cell wall while gram-negative bacteria do not and the! Smaller than bacteria and viruses are much smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as ringworm and 's.