Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Especially ... Showy Flowering Groundcovers. California Native Grasses. The 8 Best Plants for Erosion Control in Your Yard - Bob Vila Choose eco-friendly sterile agapanthus varieties to hold up that steep bank where nothing else will grow. Deep rooted plants help stabilize soil, trees add dimension and shade to prevent excess evaporation, and low growing ground covers cover up unsightly areas with ease of care. Deciduous: Hydrangea anomala subsp. I laid left over old hay between the plants to help stabilise it till the flax take hold and to slow down the weeds coming through. Pacific Northwest Native Plants for Erosion Control Sun Part Sun/Shade Shade Conifers Douglas Fir 225' Western Red Cedar 180' Western Yew 25' Shore Pine 60' Sitka Spruce 200' Broadleaved Trees Black Cottonwood* 125' Bigleaf Maple 45' Betula papyrifera* 75' Bitter Cherry 30' Red Alder* 70' Pacific Crabapple 25' Pacific Madrone 50' Black Hawthorn 25' The lawn’s reduced root system and diminished grass expose the ground to stormwater runoff, a chief soil erosion culprit. The types of plants you choose will depend not only on your visual preference and vision but also the needs of the area. Fescue is suitable for USDA hardiness zones 3 through 7. Better options might be a combination of different types of plants that are tolerant of wind, occasional drought and have wide branching root zones to anchor them to the incline. 1. One of the best plants for erosion control in shady areas is creeping lily turf, Liriope spicata. Myoporum parvifolium. Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster spp.) Banks And Slopes Difficult to access, prone to erosion or dry soil, banks and slopes can be challenging for most gardeners. My initial thoughts were to put in some dwarf fruit trees with a miniature retaining wall beneath each one. Moss phlox. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. The less maintenance, the better when choosing plants for sloping areas. Disclosure: participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. A: You may be correct about your troubled turf! Left unchecked, erosion carves deep gullies and can undermine pavement, buildings, and other structures. Plant this ground cover at 6- to 8-inch spacing for coverage within a growing season. Fortunately, certain plants can be effective in preventing erosion on slopes of up to 33 percent (that’s 1 foot of elevation change for every 3 feet of horizontal distance), according to the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). Erosion occurs when wind and/or water move across unprotected ground, removing soil particles. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Space plants 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 through 8. Plants have been reported to grow well in Zone 5 but with little flowering due to frost damage. All of these prefer well-draining soils and are tolerant of drier conditions once established. Buffer width depends on the size of the lot, with an … … They are so good for colonising well and holding up the bank. So if you own a property with a steep hill like the one in the picture, plant creeping juniper just as these homeowners have done—and rejoice to see it … ), available at garden stores and landscape suppliers in both seed blends and as sod. Arroyo willow (Salix lasiolepis var. Stephanandra incisa ‘Crispa’. Mulch the plants until they are well established. Suitable plants. If you’re into birds, and butterflies, using native plants will attract them to your bank. For the best performance, set up a soaker hose on a timer until dwarf forsythia is established. Soil erosion happens when rain washes away tiny bits of topsoil that contain the most nutrients. Mark Wolfe, Bob Vila, 10 Lush Landscaping Ideas for a Hilly Backyard, 11 Decorative Pillow Trends to Expect in 2021, Easy Ground Covers: 7 Varieties to Enhance Any Landscape, All You Need to Know About Landscape Fabric, The Best Landscape Fabric for Blocking Out Weeds, The Dos and Don'ts of Planting Ground Cover. Evergreen: Links. Some taller plants will include the Berberis family. Some of the easiest groundcovers for sunny hillsides are: If you want more dimension and color try some ornamental grasses. Creeping Sedums are some of the most versatile plants that take hold effortless in dry soil and one of my personal favorites. Gardening is always a challenge, but some of us have geographic issues which make the process even more difficult. This is a grasslike flowering plant which spreads very quickly and does great in shade. When most middle-aged people see a steep hill like this, they think to themselves, "The last thing I'd want is to have to mow this!" Plant Wildflowers on a Steep Bank or Slope - No Need to Mow! But like usual, trees can help! Their only requirement is good drainage. Plant roots are very efficient at anchoring loose soil on a sloped flower bed. Mowing is challenging and water will simply run off this high moisture loving plant. Choosing plants for slopes . Plant Muhly grass at a 3-foot spacing in USDA zones 6 through 10. RHS Find a Plant. Difficult to access, prone to erosion or dry soil, banks and slopes can be challenging for most gardeners. Then there are those steep banks where nothing seems to grow naturally. I've just planted out a steep bank from where the land was excavated for an arena. Solving these problems and finding the right plants for slopes and banks takes some planning and experience. Sign up for our newsletter. Wildflowers are a great idea for steep or sloped areas of your landscape - especially if the slope makes mowing difficult or impossible! Many of the plants best-suited for holding a bank straddle the line between being ground cover and dwarf shrubbery. Plant spaced 4 feet apart in USDA zones 6 through 9. It prefers a slightly loamy soil. Blue holly (Ilex x meserveae). (If your slope is steeper, consult a landscape architect for additional soil protection measures; slopes greater than 50 percent require structures like retaining walls.). Many Summer Bedding Plants such as Petunias thrive in dry areas. Space plants 12 inches apart for complete coverage within a season in USDA zones 3 through 9. Bushes should be planted in a horizontal arrangement along the sloping bank. protects sunny slopes while offering year-round interest with tiny white flowers, glossy green foliage, and red berries—making it ideal for pollinators and birds. Growing plants for ground cover. Here are some ideas: Many varieties of California lilac (Ceonothus) make fine native ground-covers to grow on steep banks in coastal zones. Ground Cover Plants for Steep Slopes Australia Although low-growing, spreading plants are a common choice for ground cover plants for sloping gardens, shrubs and bushes can add visual interest and root deeply for added erosion control. This low, spreading, evergreen shrub reaches one to 2 feet tall and spreads three to 4 feet wide in just a season or two. Growing conditions: Full sun. Not to forget colorful wildflowers to add a very natural look. Ground cover plants are excellent for a range of situations in the garden, from covering steep banks to brightening up bare patches of soil beneath trees and shrubs. The right type of grass is perfect for erosion control on mild slopes because it provides a dense root mass and tough foliage that holds up well under foot traffic. It stays low (under 6 inches) and spreads at a moderate pace. 1.) Buy plants direct from the grower with a 100% satisfaction guarantee. petiolaris AGM. Thank you for suggesting that I provide some ideas for Cailfornia native plants that can be used to control erosion on steep banks. Use trees to anchor banks and provide shade for woodland and other moisture-tolerant plants. Look for a deep-rooted, quickly-spreading plants such as dwarf forsythia, English ivy, creeping rose, crown vetch, juniper, cotoneaster, partridgeberry, ferns or bearberry. Seed is less expensive and easy to install but takes four to six weeks to grow in. Groundcover Plants. They can be an eyesore and a menace to erosion control. Yep, I planted flax. RELATED: 10 Lush Landscaping Ideas for a Hilly Backyard. Evergreen groundcover juniper shrubs (Juniperus spp.) Planting them up with the right plants will help counter erosion, slow water runoff, provide quick coverage and reduce maintenance. Plant it in partial sun to shade at 3 feet apart to grows into a low 3-foot mound with glossy blue-green foliage and showy yellow flowers. Q: The grass in my yard—which is in partial shade since the trees around it have grown up, and on a slight slope—has been dying for the past several years. Read more articles about Slope & Hillside Gardens. Can you suggest some plants that will flourish while helping to control erosion? Once you have solved any moisture retention and erosion problems, it is time to evaluate the site further for exposure and zone, and plan what plants grow on slopes. Sod gives immediate coverage but requires more time for preparation and installation. My favorite two are ‘Blue Prince’ and ‘Blue Princess,’ a male and female pair that’ll give you red fall berries on … Forsythia. Landscaping Plans For Steep Bank Patio Landscape Design Banks Slopes Inspiring Garden Ideas For All Gardeners Klein s lawn landscaping landscapes designed steep slope landscaping houzz landscape prep steep slope erosion control you steep slope landscaping houzz how to landscape a steep slope for beauty and low maintenance. Roots spread quickly to cover bare, shady slopes with elegant 3-foot-tall, vase-shaped plants. It’s also recommended to mix up plants with deep roots and shallow roots. Some examples of bushes that work well for banks include forsythia, burning bush, flowering quince, evergreen shrubs, and lilacs. Avoid those that need mowing, shearing and other maintenance. Turf grass is often a choice but consider the maintenance difficulties. I would like to plant it up to stop it from eroding and it would also be nice to get some food growing on it. If the bank is sunny, then try varieties of Cistus (rock rose). Branches grow roots where they touch the soil, adding even more soil protection. Ornamental grasses feature extensive fibrous roots, excellent drought tolerance, and lush foliage. Either seed the area with wildflowers native to your region or choose some ornamental perennials that are hardy to your area such as: Growing plants on a hillside may take some careful selection and a bit of babying as they establish, but the final effect will transform the slope and help stabilize soil and other plants. Beautiful and robust ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris) is a great erosion control plant for low-light graded areas. Zones: 3 to 9. When landscape trees mature, the grass beneath them gets shaded and may die off from lack of adequate sunlight. Although growing plants on a hillside can be a challenge, once established they can transform the area and help keep soil from slowly weeping down into the flatter parts of the terrain. 10 Great Plants for a Bank. Planting in staggered rows helps the plants look good until they grow large enough for their branches to touch. The good news is that once you know which plants grow on slopes, you can use this knowledge to your benefit to plan a garden that both thrives and helps stabilize the hillside. The first steps to planting a sloping area are to evaluate the pitch and runoff. Buy now for stunning colour. Looking for an affordable, low-maintenance solution for your sloped backyard? The flat area also makes it easier to add a 5-10cm layer of mulch, which will to conserve precious moisture. Space plants 5 to 6 feet apart in USDA zones 5 through 8. Native plants are perfect for sloping hillsides because they’re pretty, stabilize slopes and reduce water usage. Deeper-rooted plants are needed to tie the top soil (s) to the bottom rock, but the top 30-60cm of soil needs to be tied tightly together. And on top of a hill, rainwater runs off much faster and makes this problem worse. Muhly grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris), a widely distributed native North American perennial grass, boasts beautiful cotton candy-like pinkish bloom spikes that rise above the foliage in fall. Hillside Garden Sloped Garden Garden Paths Landscaping A Slope Landscaping Ideas Mailbox Landscaping Pavers Ideas Inexpensive Landscaping Landscape Design You agree that may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Japanese spurge (Pachysandra terminalis) forms a glossy, broadleaf, evergreen carpet that controls soil erosion in shady areas. Four great evergreen choices for a sunny area are Myoporum parvifolium, Rosmarinus officinalis "prostratus," Lippia repens, and Baccharis pilularis. There are many types of shrubs, perennials, vigorous vines or groundcovers that can be used. Learn about top groundcovers. How steep do you mean? Just remember that young plants will need additional moisture, staking and training as they establish. The more it rains, the more natural nutrients your plants lose. A carpet of pink, purple, red, or white flowers each spring makes creeping phlox (Phlox subulata) one of the showiest plants for erosion control. There are also many alpine or rockery plants which will suit - particularly the sedum group. You can also choose native plants with different bloom cycles for year-round color and variation. I'm wondering what I should do with that big old clay bank behind my house. Jasminum nudiflorum AGM. Plants for slopes and banks that provide this sort of appeal might be: Who can resist a hillside of flowers? By Mark Wolfe and Bob Vila. For shade tolerance, one good choice is fescue (Festuca spp. Some plants that work well on slopes include: Groundcovers are a great way to prevent erosion, cover a slope with color and texture, and conserve moisture. Groundcover Plants for Steep Banks. The dense mats they create will reduce erosion and weeds. This hardy perennial has been used for generations to beautify steep banks and arm them against erosion. So turn a tough hillside flower bed into a beautiful planting by selecting easy-care groundcover plants for slopes that root into the bank wherever their stems touch soil. Choose from several species for erosion control: Bearberry cotoneaster (C. dammeri) grows one to 2 feet tall and 6 feet wide, Rockspray cotoneaster (C. horizontalis) grows two to 3 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide, and willow leaf cotoneaster (C. salicifolius) grows two to 3 feet tall and 5 to 6 feet wide. Every year, we get questions from all over the country on this subject. Taller shrubs and bushes add many seasons of interest and will help give the area a sculpted appeal. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Asiatic Jasmine and Carolina jessamine both can tolerate partial shade. It’s suited to USDA zones 3 through 9. 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Don't think that you are limited to ground covers (perennials and short shrubs that grow … Some of the plants suggested below may be ideal to bring life back to your yard—but before buying any, check the USDA plant hardiness zone map to ensure they can thrive in your area. Read on for some ideas on choosing plants for sloping areas and how to maximize this difficult planting terrain. Dry lovers rule. It features dense growth that beautifully fills landscape beds with a solid mass of glossy, deep green, fern-like foliage. In areas where snow cover offers a layer of insulation, the flower buds often go undamaged. If the pitch is more than 30 degrees, it might be a good idea to terrace the area to prevent topsoil from eroding and all moisture evacuating every time you water or it rains. Cut back in early spring to make room for fresh new foliage. To keep maintenance down, choose plants that produce very little mess which would otherwise require extra work to clean up annually. Planting them up with the right plants will help counter erosion, slow water runoff, provide quick coverage and reduce maintenance. In winter dormancy, bronze foliage adds structure and motion to the landscape.
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