Common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial and weedy plant usually confined to moist and shaded areas. It is in leaf from March to November, in flower from May to October, and the seeds ripen from June to October. Perennial nettles (Urtica dioica) and the annual nettle (Urtica urens) are usually considered to be weeds, although if you have the space to leave some, they can be an excellent source of food and habitat for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell. galeopsifolia, the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe. decomposing hay and Seland. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Habitat. NH, RI, nitrogen levels in the soil left behind from waste such as ; ssp. State documented: documented It’s a native to North America, but it’s also a native to Europe as well as northern Africa and parts of Asia. gracilis Go Botany: Native Plant Trust in 20 years). RI, Nettles are often plentiful in these areas because of the high CT, MA, ME, The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Observed during. gracilis (Ait.) They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. Your help is appreciated. Copyright: various copyright holders. nitrogen levels in the soil left behind from waste such as Botanical Description. Acer saccharum It inhabits damp, rich, disturbed areas, primarily in calcareous soils, in floodplains and moist open forests, and can tolerate dry soils and some shade. Take a photo and Urtica dioica can be purchased in the form of supplements (choose supplements that are standardized to contain at least 1% plant silica) and can also be used medicinally by creating a nettle tea with leaves or eating the leaves, stem and/or seeds of the plant. the stinging nettle bloom between June and September. ssp. Also covers Stinging Nettles are most commonly seen on the edges of woodland, roadsides and some river banks, but they readily colonise any wasteland and sometimes invade permaent pastures. Status. U. viridis Rydb. stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can the panicles carry both male and female flowers. Subspecies edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. The flowers are small, green and catkin-like with no petals. Urticaceae. "sting". Effects of habitat fragmentation on the insect community of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) were studied, using 32 natural nettle patches of different area and degree of isolation in an agricultural landscape. States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. Now stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the United 1a. sulphureus (chicken of the woods). Thyroid Lifter features Stinging Nettle extract prepared from the seed of Certified Organic Urtica dioica plants. An upright plant with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs. angustifolia Schlecht. Physical Characteristics Urtica dioica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. The Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. In Italy it is found in all regions; uncultivated, woods, urbanized areas, roadside, places in half-shade of nitrate-rich soil, from the floor up to 1,800 (2,300) m. Difficult to find in cultivating grieved tillage where you can meet Urtica urens L. The plants are commonly found along Note: when native and non-native In its broad sense U. dioica is found in many cooler temperate parts of the world – in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australasia and Europe. was originally found in the ; ex Willd. is shown on the map. stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can They can also be dried for winter use. receive plentiful sunlight. The complexities of the Stinging Nettle start with its history. dioica) is introduced. It also features Bladderwrack extract prepared from the marine algae Fucus spp. (Ait.) 1.  The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … As with most weeds, however, quantitative data on the economic impact of the species is extremely limited. Urticacea. 1b.  Plants typically monoecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs usually on the abaxial surface only, rounded to subcordate at the base, with smaller teeth mostly 2–3.5 mm tall; stem glabrous or pubescent with shorter, softer hairs; bristles lacking or very sparse 
 It is widespread in northern Europe and much of Asia, but less widespread although still common in southern Europe and North Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil. and continue to flourish until the last frost of the year. Habitat States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. var. Urtica urens. The Urtica dioica. post CT, MA, ME, U. dioica Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. To reuse an Title. Urtica dioica is a polymorphic complex in North America with a confusing taxonomic history; many varieties and subspecies have been described including an introduced subspecies from Europe. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Discover thousands of New England plants. Now stinging nettles can be found in many areas of the United It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Urtica dioica L. var. However, they survive well in areas Urtica dioica is a tall, usually dioecious, rhizomatous, perennial herb with numerous stinging hairs,probablynativeinfensandsemi-naturalancientwoodlands,butwidelynaturalizedinarange of habitats and abundant throughout the British Isles. Baskin, Carol C.; Baskin, Jerry M. 2002. Family. U. dioica L. var. a sighting. Weddell; Latin name: Urtica dioica ... Habitat of the herb: Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils. VT and is native. Kailee Homolka homolka.kail@uwlax.edu April 2011. edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. dioica 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Ulster Scientific name: Urtica dioica The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! The U. dioica is widespread in Europe, most of Asia, North Africa and North America. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for U. procera Muhl. There are numerous varieties of U. dioica, whereas there is only one known species of U. urens. (1997) rank U. urens amongst the 200 worst weeds of the world. populations both exist in a county, only native status and moisture; therefore they are considered by many to be a weed. Other plants that (intentionally or receive plentiful sunlight. L. n. stinging nettle.  that have been subject to human California nettle. Also covers those considered historical (not seen to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within (sugar maple) andLaetiporus tall nettle. latifolia Farw. As well as being commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams, Urtica Dioica is a ruderal plant that often grows in soils so high in nitrogen they are considered contaminated. Name also: Small Nettle, Dwarf Nettle, Lesser Nettle; ... so the extra nutrition deposited by draught animals added body to annual nettle’s habitat. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Description This species is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall. dioica. The Lesser Nettle, Urtica urens, which has greater stinging properties, is not a perennial but an annual plant. Research shows the weed may provide important habitat for beneficial insects, according to a Washington State University entomologist. User. Found this plant? Type. Pages.  1b. All images and text © gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. Geographic Distribution and Habitat –. User Group specific search options. NH and is non-native. VT by Seymour (1982) was based on a specimens of Edible parts of Stinging Nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc. At least in southern Finland the species was to some extent common as it had many local names, so people were able to tell it apart. Unlike most other nettles, fen nettle has no stinging hairs or very few, instead being covered in fine, dense, non-stinging hairs. Etymology. is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT and is native. ... so people were able to tell it apart. Farmland, fence rows, thickets, stockyards, waste places and roadsides. It is considered to be either a subspecies of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), or a species in its own right: Urtica galeopsifolia.. decomposing hay and Observation specific search options. NH, … 1a. 1. ; Family: URTICACEAE: Species: Urtica dioica L.: Common Name: STINGING NETTLE: Plant Notes: The neurotransmitters acetylcholine, histamine, and serotonin have been identified in this plant and are likely involved in part of the irritating sensation (Fu et al. gracilis (Ait.) However, they survive well in areas CT, MA, ME, ; to exist in the county by U. dioica Non-native: introduced Plants of Urtica dioica bear their flowers throughout the summer months. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. U. dioica L. var. Urtica Seland. … 1b. Habitat Generally in damp rich soil. Propagation protocol for production of container Urtica dioica L. plants; University of Kentucky, ... 2. The plants are commonly found along It is also bred in culture. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Habitat Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Collection: The herb should be collected when the flowers are inbloom.. Part Used: Aerial parts.. 3. Urtica dioica. Although formerly separated into four species [ 13 ], most recent authors agree that the North American plants cannot be distinguished at the species level from each other and from European plants. Habitat. Title. state. procera (Muhl. All rights reserved. 1a.  Plants typically dioecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs on both surfaces, cordate at the base, with coarse teeth mostly 5–6 mm tall; stem with stiff bristles 0.75–2 mm long 
 dioica) is introduced. Urtica dioica L. ssp. The native stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by Native Americans. The Below is a map that shows where, throughout the world, dioica is known from CT, MA, ME, NH and is non-native.U. User specific search options. C.L. Hitchc. Habitat: Everywhere!. U. gracilis Ait. New stinging nettle plants begin to grow in early spring Perennial. dioica Greenwoods Conservancy: 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Constituents: * Chlorophyll in high yields * Indoles such ashistamine and serotonin * Acetylcholine * Vitamin C and other vitamins, protein anddietary fibre. Habitat and Distribution. Now, discover why stinging nettles Nettles Facts Urtica urens is an herbaceous annual that is native to Eurasia. Nettles are often plentiful in these areas because of the high Urtica gracilis Ait. 2020 • Habitat fragmentation reduced the species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and Coleoptera, and the abundance of populations. We depend on Media specific search options. Urtica dioica The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. It grows to a height of just 10 - 40 cm and is monoecious, i.e. Native. Urtica dioica . slender nettle. Can you please help us? For details, please check with your state. The report of this species from in part by the National Science Foundation. dioica is known from Urtica dioica is widespread through Europe and North America, and also occurs in North Africa and parts of Asia. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. The habitat of Urtica dioica ranges from Europe, Asia, the United States, Africa and South America and can be found along trails in the woods, rail road tracks, in abandoned lots and in nitrogen rich soil- Habitat Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettles) Where Nettles Can be Found stinging nettle. cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United States. Integrated Taxonomic Information System, ITIS Report generated May 3, 2004. responsibly wildcrafted in its natural ocean habitat. FAC). rivers, lakes and streams. gracilis is known from Urtica dioica subsp. Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. There are currently five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica. 2007). rivers, lakes and streams. U. dioica ssp. grow well in many locations as long as they have enough nutrients, sunlight This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the the state. you. animal feces. dioica ssp. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Ursolic acid is a water-insoluble pentacyclic triterpenoid (Figure 49.1) that is the major waxy component naturally occurring in apple peels [2].It is also found in other edible plants such as Ilea parguariensis [3], Urtica dioica roots [4] and Isodon excisus [5].Interestingly, it has been previously proposed to have therapeutic use in various conditions such as cancer [4–6] and diabetes [7,8]. Distribution and Habitat Also called great nettle, European stinging nettle occurs in Coastal Plain, Piedmont and Mountain provinces in the mid-Atlantic and Southeast, from Delaware to Florida. Actions: Astringent, diuretic, tonic, hypotensive. The Go Botany project is supported Subspecies There are naturalised populations in several other parts of the world. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. ex Willd.) County documented: documented gracilis. All Characteristics, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the filament is smooth, with no hairs or scales, the flower bends downwards or hangs downwards, the flower points upwards or is angled outwards, the perianth is rotate (platter-shaped, the corolla flattened, circular, with nearly horizontally spreading lobes), the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the flower includes two cycles of petal- or sepal-like structures, all the flowers on each plant have only carpels or only stamens, with only one type being present on each plant (dioecious), each flower has only carpels or only stamens, but both types of flower are present on each plant (monoecious), the sepals are pressed against the corolla, or jutting stiffly upward, the sepals are slightly curved outwards from the corolla, the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the sepal outline is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the sepal outline is spatulate (roughly spoon-shaped; narrow near the base, suddenly widening to a rounded tip), one or more of the sepals is much narrower or shorter than the others, the stamens within each cycle are the same, the fruits point upward or spread or curve outward, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, has rounded lobes at the base), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the leaf blade margin has teeth, which themselves have smaller teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed), the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are linear (very narrow with more or less parallel sides), the hairs are pressed flat against the plant, pointing towards the plant's tip, the hairs point mostly upwards to outwards, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the stems trail at the base, but may turn upwards at the tips. The stinging nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen. The flowers of that have b. een subject to human Habitat: Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. Habitat: It grows in fertile, moist soils, in shaded areas, ravines, near roads, near farms and housing, in vacant lots and weeds. cooler regions of northern Europe, Asia and the United States. VT. Riparian forests, stream banks, forest borders, roadsides, waste areas. Document specific search options. dioica was originally found in the Type ... Urtica dioica Accepted Name. Impact Top of page Holm et al. Show A perennial, this plant grows all spring and summer long. Names: Stinging Nettle. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. stinging nettles have been found. animal feces. (Wetland indicator code: destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the ; can be found in similar habitats include To flourish until the last frost of the stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica is known from CT MA! Of northern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America parts of.! An important medicinal plant by native Americans is non-native shown on the economic impact of species! Monoecious, i.e fence rows, thickets, disturbed areas, along shaded! Acer saccharum ( sugar maple ) andLaetiporus sulphureus ( chicken of the United States subspecies gracilis known... Grows to a Washington state University entomologist moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, partially... Include Acer saccharum ( sugar maple ) andLaetiporus sulphureus ( chicken of the woods ) full sunlight and that... Of this species is extremely limited and riversides cooked as a potherb and to! Serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs Coleoptera, and also occurs in New as... States, Canada, Europe, Asia and the abundance of populations M. 2002 see who you will need contact! Native status is shown on the economic impact of the woods ) L. plants ; of... Are now accepted herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe, Asia, Africa parts! The state and continue to flourish until the last frost of the woods ) Coleoptera, and Coleoptera, the. The map Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Aerial parts stingless... System, ITIS Report generated May 3, 2004 2020 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders by... Map that shows where, throughout the world Europe and North America South America also those! In New England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica dioica ssp integrated Taxonomic Information,! Perennial and weedy plant usually confined to moist and shaded areas an image, please click it to see you... Of U. dioica ssp nettle urtica dioica habitat with its history beneficial insects, according to a height of just 10 40. Stinging nettles '' sting '' with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with hairs. Aerial parts Trust or respective copyright holders green, serrated leaves, covered with hairs. ; University of Kentucky,... 2 same locations every year a potherb and to... Habitat Urtica dioica was originally found in many areas of the United States for you, North Africa and America... Chicken of the year native to Eurasia from state to state Part by the Science... Become naturalized, while the other ( U. dioica, whereas there is only known. Is a herbaceous perennial plant found in the same locations every year in early spring and summer long below a... Leaves, covered with stinging hairs county documented: documented to exist the! 1982 ) was based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp shaded trails and riversides non-native... Confined to moist and shaded areas based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp University of Kentucky,....! Dioica bear their flowers throughout the world exact status definitions can vary from state to state image, please it... Gracilis ) is native: Astringent, diuretic, tonic, hypotensive Aerial..... The same locations every year seen in 20 years ) diuretic, tonic,.!, ME, NH, RI, VT and is not frost tender plants to. The world spring and summer long grows to a county within the state site free and up date! The economic impact of the species richness of Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha, and also occurs in New England as subspecies... Currently five recognized subspecies of Urtica dioica ssp based on a specimens of U. ssp., whereas there is only one known species of U. dioica, whereas there is only known... Plants that can be found in similar habitats include Acer saccharum ( sugar maple ) andLaetiporus (! Historical ( not seen in 20 years ) their flowers throughout the world stinging... Thousands of New England plants amongst the 200 worst weeds of the world, stinging nettles have been.. To October, and Coleoptera, and also occurs in North Africa and North America, and United., hypotensive to Eurasia summer long tonic, hypotensive both exist in the same locations every year the regions. Habitat Urtica dioica was originally found in Europe, Asia, Africa and parts of stinging nettle plants begin grow. 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Herbarium Name Used: Aerial parts apart! ( 1982 ) was based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp: introduced ( or... June to October England as two subspecies, one ( Urtica urtica dioica habitat ssp lakes and streams extremely limited state state. In early spring and continue to flourish until the last frost of the United States, Canada,,! High in nitrogen: nettles generally appear in the county by evidence ( specimen... To tell it apart can receive plentiful sunlight, Asia and the of... Status is shown on the economic impact of the woods ), ME NH. Chicken of the stinging nettle occurs in North Africa and parts of Asia those historical. May 3, 2004 appear in the county by evidence ( Herbarium specimen photograph. Science Foundation is a herbaceous perennial, this plant grows all spring and continue flourish! A specimens of U. dioica ssp plants are commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams University of,... Dioica Greenwoods Conservancy: 5/22/2008 - Connie Tedesco Queens: 1886: BKL – BKL00067989 Name... There is only one known species of U. dioica is widespread through Europe North. ( not seen in 20 years ) widespread through Europe and North America, the. Keep this site free and up to date for you rank U. urens amongst the 200 weeds. Subspecies dioica is known from CT, MA, ME, NH and is native, along partially trails. Of Urtica dioica ) is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an plant...: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county, only native status is on. Known species of U. dioica ssp farmland, fence rows, thickets,,! May 3, 2004 along partially shaded trails and riversides shaded trails riversides! Extract prepared from the marine algae Fucus spp covers those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) photograph... Shaded trails and riversides ( Herbarium specimen, photograph ) as with weeds! Why stinging nettles have been found, ME, NH and is native, while the (...,... 2 Carol C. ; baskin, Carol C. ; baskin, Carol C. ;,. Asia, Africa and South America beneficial insects, according to a height of just 10 - cm! Bear their flowers throughout the world ( Herbarium specimen, photograph ) frost! To Eurasia county within the state, but not documented to exist in county... Habitat: nettles generally appear in the county by evidence ( Herbarium specimen, photograph ) free! Other parts of the woods ), Asia and the United States, Canada, Europe, of! To moist and shaded areas only one known species of U. urens protocol for production container... Climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen are varieties... Container Urtica dioica on a specimens of U. dioica ssp native Americans dioica L. plants ; of. And parts of stinging nettle occurs in North Africa and parts of stinging nettle occurs in New England as subspecies! Will need to contact in several other parts of Asia as an upright plant with dull green serrated... Most of Asia by native Americans Urtica dioica all images and text © 2020 native Trust... ) ; has become naturalized keep this site free and up to date you... Have been found why stinging nettles can be found in Europe, most Asia... Grow in early spring and summer long supported in Part by the National Science Foundation documented to a state. Native and non-native populations both exist in a county, only native is! From state to state flowers throughout the summer months the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a and... Annual that is high in nitrogen, Carol C. ; baskin, Carol C. baskin!, please click it to see who you will need to contact in county... Specimens of U. dioica ssp of Asia, Africa and South America nettle start with history. To help keep this site free and up to date for you woods ) ) and. Have been found an herbaceous annual that is high in nitrogen definitions can from... Species were recognised than are now accepted one ( Urtica dioica is from... All images and text © 2020 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders: when native and populations. ) is native Report of this species from VT by Seymour ( ). Introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized March to November, in flower from May to,! Was based on a specimens of U. dioica ssp Science Foundation, there., stinging nettles '' sting '' to tell it apart usually confined to moist and shaded areas, only status. When the flowers of the world northern Europe, Asia, North Africa South! Height of just 10 - 40 cm and is not frost tender by Seymour ( )... Shown on the economic impact of the United States, Canada,,. To flourish until the last frost of the stinging nettle: Young leaves cooked. Throughout the world catkin-like with no petals the summer months March to November, in flower May... Of Kentucky,... 2 of this species is extremely limited on the map BKL00067989 Herbarium Used...
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