Black locust lumber is also somewhat similar in appearance to the lumber of the Osage Orange tree. When it comes to LONG, nasty thorns, that is the HL. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. Slabs, round, and flare cuts from $4 per board foot Custom metal work also available: hair pin legs with large mounting plates, legs brackets for 3”x4” leg stock. The picture below is a large specimen honey locust. I've tried growing them from pods I took from our park. There are a variety of black locust cultivars available. It’s well-liked for turned objects, and boat builders tend to appreciate its qualities as well. Black locust and honey locust lumber are often so similar that buyers confuse them with each other. Honely locust can make a sweet bow. Both can have thorns, although Honey locust thorns tend to be in groups of 3 whereas black are in groups of 2 (directly opposite one another on branch). The black locust’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. The other ID marker is a small stout briar spine on branches, often curved and in pairs at each leaf node. In this guide, we will take a look at two common types of locust and compare their differences. When it comes to deciding between black locust or honey locust, the first thing you probably want to consider is the hardness of each type of lumber. Its crown is narrow with an open, irregular form and contorted branches. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. The two main varieties of locust trees in Indiana are the honey locust, easily identified by the collection of thorns on the trunk, and the black locust, which boasts heavy loads of fragrant white flowers in the spring. The honey locust, Gleditsia triacanthos, has many more thorns on the bark and the thorns get up to 8" in clusters of three. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. The tree grows from 30 to 70 feet and blossoms in May to June. T he black locust tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, is famous for producing a fruity and fragrant honey that ranges from water white to lemon yellow to yellowish green.A batch of monofloral black locust honey with little cross-contamination from other flowers can be as clear as a glass jar. As far as grain appearance goes, the honey locust tree usually has a fairly straight grain, though it may be naturally wavy or irregular in places. Overall, both honey locust and black locust are fairly appealing to the eye. The black locust tree’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust tree’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Its wood tends to be a bit darker, especially at the heart. Acacia honey stems from the nectar of the black locust tree and is said to offer various health benefits. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate … At least seven or eight pods, and didn't get a tree. Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skycole’ This is another variety of the … The honey in the US is sometimes labeled “American Acacia” or “Locust Honey”. Watch Queue Queue It comes in at 1700 lbf on the Janka scale. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. Although it shares a similar common name with Honey Locust, the two aren’t … The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate compound leaves. Morphology Size and shape: It is a medium-sized tree, averaging 12 to 30 m in height and 30 to 60 cm (up to 150 cm) in diameter. Another good way to tell is by the thorns themselves. The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one metrer. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. In Hungary, Black Locust is the basis of commercial honey production. When you are comparing black locust and honey locust, you will find many similarities in the overall color, appearance, and other aspects. Both trees appear in the Fabaceae family. However, it is also a bit harder to machine and tougher to work with overall. The black locust reaches a height of about 50 to 75 feet with a diameter of up to 36". Other times it is made into beautiful furniture. One major identifier is the long compound leaves with up to 19 leaflets which present the typical and unique locust leaf profile (not to be confused with the twice compound leaves of honey locust). Honey locust is often more expensive than black locust because it is rarer and more difficult to find and import. Its straight grain is attractive and can be helpful during the machining process, but since it is so hard, it may cause cutting edges of tools to become blunted on a regular basis, so be prepared to deal with that. This number represents how strong, tough, and impact-resistant the wood is. Ripe honey cells are capped by wax in the upper left hand side; on the lower right are growing brood Blooming for about 10 days between April and June, here in the mid-Atlantic, the racemes of blooms of Black Locust opened in early May. Black locust lumber has a slightly different color palette. Many people on YouTube, including some nursery owners (who should know better! And its wood contains many more tyloses than honey locust. A black locust has a rough dark brown bark whereas a honey locust tree has a bark that is gray to brownish colour. Softer trees tend to be easier to damage, and they may not take stain well due to the looser texture of their wood or their odd coloring. Black locust has a similar grain. Honey locust leaflets are a little smaller than black locust. From an engineering perspective (and being kinda picky about definitions) Because of its extra level of hardness, its weathering abilities, and its resistance to rot, black locust has even more extensive uses. Both black and honey locust trees produce new leaves during late spring. Leaves on a black locust are simple compound while a honey locust has feather shaped compound ones. However, like black locust, it handles staining, gluing, finishing, and turning very well, and you will likely be pleased with the beautiful result. Plus, the colors of the two trees are slightly different. Both types of lumber are suitable for a wide variety of uses. The black locust tree or false acacia, is native to eastern North America and widely planted in Europe. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. Finding a honey locust … The color of a tree’s wood typically varies depending on the area from which the lumber is cut. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where the honey locust has bipinnate compound leaves. These swollen areas can affect the overall appearance of the wood. Watch Queue Queue. For example, if working with wood is your thing, you will find that there is a seemingly endless variety of wood types that you can use for structural elements, trim and molding, furniture, cabinetry, and much more. Many black locust trees have pores that are full of tyloses. The texture is moderately even, and the wood has a natural luster of its own, which is moderate in comparison to the innate luster of other trees. There is a similar kind of tree known as the water locust, or Gleditsia aquatica, which shares some aspects with the honey locust and black locust. In crystallized form it is milk-white in color and syrup like in texture. The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one meter. On the Janka scale, the honey locust has a hardness of 1580 lbf, which is actually quite high. This fact does not generally affect the overall appearance of the finished wood, however. If the black locust lumber has to be imported, it will cost a lot more. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. Fresh black locust honey is light in color and very transparent. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches where the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Often times, the spring rains wash the nectar away before the bees get a chance to collect it themselves. One can also tell the two trees apart by just looking at the bark. Although honey locust is not considered a threatened species, it is still not widely available, and the cost is higher due to limited quantities. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. However, keep in mind that the price of honey locust will be in the mid-tier or upper tier of what you can expect to pay for a domestic hardwood. Since Locust honey is the first honey produced in the season, the bees need to be strong and ready for the nectar flow from the black locust trees. Honey locust wood makes excellent furniture, and it may also be used to create sturdy fence posts. The black locust and honey locust are trees that grow in warm climates. New leaves also come out earlier in the honey locust than the black locust. Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known in its native territory as black locust, is a medium-sized hardwood deciduous tree, belonging to the tribe Robinieae.It is endemic to a few small areas of the United States, but it has been widely planted and naturalized elsewhere in temperate North America, Europe, Southern Africa and Asia and is considered an invasive species in some areas. Black locust is often sold at prices comparable to those of white oak. Press Esc to cancel. The bright green leaves turn yellow during early autumn. This video is unavailable. It is useful as utility lumber. Often these anomalies result from stress or damage to a woody plant. Like its companion, the black locust, honey locust lumber can be a bit tricky to deal with. Its hardness and density make the machining process longer, and you may have to keep sharpening your tools if you are working with a lot of it. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey in colour and the tree has  bunches of thorns. It is also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds. For the honey locust, the wide sapwood bears a pale yellow hue. Honey Locust has large branching thorns, whereas Black Locust has individual spines, typically at the base of leaves. Since black locust is so hard and durable, it can be a bit more difficult to manipulate and craft, compared to other types of wood. The high-density wood is the most rot resistant wood we can grow in our climate, making it an ideal material for fenceposts, hope poles, outdoor furniture, decks, and other projects that require weatherproof materials. One key difference between honey locust vs. black locust is the presence of tyloses. Type above and press Enter to search. Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 150 feet tall. Hardwoods can be more difficult to work with, but they accept stain well and often include beautiful grain patterns, which make them more desirable to woodworkers and homeowners. The leaves are very different. But if you look at the seedpod, there are minor differences. However, one differentiating factor is the presence and quantity of tyloses. Once you compare honey locust vs. black locust, you will be able to determine which type of locust lumber might best suit the project you have in mind. This is the most liquid honey of all. How Tell the Difference Between Snap Peas & English Peas Vegetable Garden So the amount of Locust Honey produced around this region is at a record low this year due to all the bee losses this past winter. Black Locust Identification . Comments: Black Locust is a very hard and strong wood, competing with Hickory (Carya genus) as the strongest and stiffest domestic timber: but with more stability and rot resistance. By contrast, the black locust has an even higher ranking. if the energy/mass measurement is used, though, there are plenty of other woods with higher marks. Exceptionally resistant: black locust, red mulberry, osage orange, and Pacific yew. Skyline Honey Locust. In the course of your forays into various types of wood, you may come across the locust tree and its lumber. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. In appearance, the honey locust has wood with very similar coloring to the Kentucky Coffeetree. DifferenceBetween.net. Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 50 meters tall. Sometimes HL can appear from a distance as being 'hairy' with thorns, perhaps because they are. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern part. Some woodworkers like turning honey locust for various projects. Black Locust vs Honey Locust The clearest difference between Black Locust and Honey Locust is the difference in their thorns. Red elm, black walnut, apple, black cherry, box elder (red and normal grain), American beech, butternut, ash, black locust, red oak. However, it tends to grow in swamps in the southern regions of the USA. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. The heartwood is usually a deep russet brown, while the outer wood is light yellow, sometimes with a greenish tint. The honey locust is a minor nectar source, flowering in late spring/early summer. Honey locust thorns are much longer and alot of them will have thorns growing out of each side. The honey is high in fructose so it can be stored for long periods without crystallizing. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. That is, the heartwood, or wood cut from the very center of a big, mature tree, may have a slightly different hue from the outer wood, or wide sapwood. • Categorized under Nature | Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees. Black locust honey has a fruity, floral and delicate aroma and pleasant taste. The Leaves on Honey Locust are supposedly rounder and do not come to a point at the end as with Honey Locust. It’s somewhat harder and bears more resistance to weathering and rot. This article reviews the nutrition, benefits, and potential downsides of acacia honey. The black locust tree is fast growing and larger than the honey locust. There is another key consideration that is generally very important to woodworkers and homeowners, and that is the color of the wood. If you do not have a specific reason for choosing honey locust for a project, you may want to simply go with the black locust instead. Honey locust trees have thorns surrounding the bark whereas a black locust tree has grooves on it that resembles ropes but not thorns. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey colour and the tree has bunches of thorns. Hardness is measured on the Janka scale and is quantified by pound-feet, represented as lb-ft or lbf. Most of them don't germinate though. Eventually, you will be comfortable moving beyond the more familiar, less expensive woods like oak, poplar, pine, and fir, and you will probably try experimenting with more costly wood like cherry, maple, mahogany, ash, and elm. The black locust has smaller thorns. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Long, nasty tire popping, barefoot throbbing thorns= HONEY LOCUST! Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. However, it is important to consider how your location and the availability of the wood in your area may affect pricing. It doesn’t crystallize for a very long time due to its high fructose content. In France, Italy and Hungary it is known as Acacia honey. Like its sister locust tree, its wood has a medium luster and texture. black locust has very slightly higher energy/volume, while honey locust has very slightly higher energy/mass. So by this measure, we can see that black locust is harder, tougher, and more durable. There are about 12 species  of honey locust. Its heartwood is quite a bit darker, with a reddish-brown ranging from lighter to fairly vivid. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Prabhat S. Within the natural range of honey locust trees, you should be able to find some of the wood available. I don't know about axe handles but Honey and Black locust are both used for making all wood bows and based upon "The Wood Engineering Handbook" they are very tough woods, so they should work well. 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